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Vertues of Yoga
Vertues of Yoga

Vertues of yoga for the mind, body and spirit ...

Six virtues (shat sampat): Six virtues, areas of mental training, and attitudes are cultivated so as to stabilize the mind and emotions, allowing the deep practice of contemplative meditation to be performed.

1) Tranquility (shama): Intentional cultivating an inner attitude of tranquility, peace of mind, or contentment is a foundation on which the other practices can rest.

2) Training (dama): Training of the senses (indriyas) means the responsible use of the senses in positive, useful directions, both in our actions in the world and the nature of inner thoughts we cultivate.

3) Withdrawal (uparati): With a proper inner attitude of tranquility, and the training of the senses, there also comes a sense of satiety, or natural sense of completeness, as if no more of the sensory experience need be sought.

4) Forbearance (titiksha): Forbearance and tolerance of external situations allow one to be free from the onslaught of the sensory stimuli and pressures from others to participate in actions, speech, or thoughts that one knows to be going in a not-useful direction.

5) Faith (shraddha): An intense sense of certainty about the direction one is going keeps one going in the right direction, persisting in following the teachings and practices that have been examined and seen to be productive, useful, and fruit bearing.

6) Focus (samadhana): Resolute focus towards harmonizing and balancing of mind, its thoughts, and emotions, along with the other virtues, brings a freedom to pursue the depth of inner exploration and realization.

brief the eight limbs, or steps to yoga, are as follows:

  1. Yama : Universal morality
  2. Niyama : Personal observances
  3. Asanas : Body postures
  4. Pranayama : Breathing exercises, and control of prana
  5. Pratyahara : Control of the senses
  6. Dharana : Concentration and cultivating inner perceptual awareness
  7. Dhyana : Devotion, Meditation on the Divine
  8. Samadhi : Union with the Divine

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Les vertus du Yoga

Ces 8 branches du yoga sont citées dans un ordre voulu: d’abord plus superficielles (en contact avec l’extérieur), puis de plus en plus profondes, intérieures. Elles ont chacune leur importance pour la personne qui choisit le chemin du yoga. La toute dernière est le but ultime de tout ce cheminement.

1. LES YAMA: les disciplines relationnelles

1.1. AHIMSÂ: la non-violence, la non-nuisance, le respect. Il s’agit même de bienveillance envers tous les êtres (y compris soi-même!)

1.2. SATYA: la vérité, la sincérité, l’authenticité.

1.3. ASTEYA: l’honnêteté, le respect de la propriété d’autrui.

1.4. BRAHMACARYA: le contrôle de nos instincts, la maîtrise des pulsions.

1.5. APARIGRAHA: la simplicité matérielle, le détachement par rapport aux possessions matérielles.

2. LES NIYAMA: les disciplines personnelles

2.1. SAUCA: la propreté, la pureté au sens large (corporelle, mentale, de coeur).

2.2. SANTOSA: le contentement, la sérénité, la gratitude, le positivisme.

2.3. TAPAS: l’effort, l’ascèse, la discipline, dans un esprit de purification. Ces efforts concernent notre alimentation, la pratique des postures, la respiration contrôlée et la parole.

2.4. SVÂDHYÂYA: la réflexion, la remise en question, la connaissance de soi, l’étude des textes sacrés.

2.5. ÎSVARA-PRANIDHÂNA: l’abandon à une force supérieure, l’humilité, l’acceptation, la dévotion, la foi.


Tapas, svâdhyâya et Îsvara-pranidhâna constituent l’essence du Kriya-Yoga, le yoga de l’action quotidienne.

3. ÂSANA: la pratique quotidienne des postures.

4. PRÂNÂYÂMA: la respiration contrôlée.

5. PRATYÂHÂRA: la discipline sensorielle.

6. DHÂRANÂ: la concentration.

7. DHYÂNA: la méditation.

8. SAMÂDHI: l’union. C’est le but ultime du yoga.

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